Paul's Letters


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  1. The Controversy at Galatia - An Overview - {PDF Copy} - (A overview of the disputes in the churches of Galatia and Paul's responses)
  2. Rescued from this Evil Age - {PDF Copy} - (Paul anchored all that God has done in the past Death and Resurrection of Jesus, which inaugurated the messianic age)
  3. Proclaiming Another Gospel - {PDF Copy} - (The Judaizing opponents at Galatia were preaching a different message that deviated from the apostolic tradition)
  4. Circumcision, A Cutting Issue - {PDF Copy} - (If circumcision is no longer required, the jurisdiction of the old legislation has changed fundamentally)
  5. Paul's Propositional Statement - {PDF Copy} - (Paul presents the points of agreement and disagreement with his opponents at Galatia – Galatians 2:15-21)
  6. Having Begun in the Spirit - {PDF Copy} - (The receipt of the Spirit while in an uncircumcised state is irrefutable proof that Gentile Christians are accepted by GodGalatians 3:1-4)
  7. Doing the Whole Law - {PDF Copy} - (Anyone who is under the Law of Moses is obligated to keep all its required deeds and rituals Galatians 3:10)
  8. The Promise of the Father - {PDF Copy} - (With the ascension of Jesus, the gift of the Spirit arrived with blessings for all believers, the “promise of the Father)
  9. Why, Then, the Law? - {PDF Copy} - (If a man is not justified from the works of the Law, what was the purpose of the Torah given through Moses at Mount Sinai?  Galatians 3:19)
  10. The Law's Jurisdiction - {PDF Copy} - (According to Galatians, the jurisdiction of the Torah reached its termination point with the arrival of Jesus, the “seed” of Abraham)
  11. All are Heirs in Jesus - {PDF Copy} - (With the arrival of the "seed" of Abraham, Jesus Christ, the old divisions between Jew and Gentile are wholly inappropriate)
  12. Redeemed and Adopted - {PDF Copy} - (The Law was an interim stage; by design, it had a termination point. Christian believers are no longer it, but “in Christ”)
  13. Rudiments of the World - {PDF Copy} - (The Messianic Age has dawned, therefore calendrical rituals and other Levitical regulations belong to the old and now obsolete order)
  14. From This Evil Age - {PDF Copy} - (The death of Jesus signaled the commencement of the messianic age with consequent changes in the status of the Law and God’s people)
  1. To The Assembly - {PDF Copy} - (The Thessalonians received the gospel in tribulation but remained faithful in anticipation of the arrival of Jesus)
  2. Rescued from Wrath - {PDF Copy} - (1 Thessalonians 1:9-10 - The processes of rescue and wrath both continue until the coming of Jesus)
  3. Crown of Glory - {PDF Copy} - (Paul looks forward to receiving a “crown of glory” at the return of Jesus, the salvation of faithful believers from Thessalonica)
  4. Blameless in Holiness - {PDF Copy} - (Believers must persevere in afflictions and pursue love so they may stand blameless and holy when Jesus returns 1 Thessalonians 3:1-13)
  5. Meeting Jesus in the Air - {PDF Copy} - (Paul reassured the Thessalonians that both living and dead saints will participate in the arrival of Jesus from heaven)
  6. Sorrow Not - Resurrection Hope - {PDF Copy} - (Foundational to the hope of the church is the bodily resurrection of believers that will take place when Jesus arrives from heaven)
  7. Redemption, not Abandonment - {PDF Copy} - (At the heart of Christian hope is the resurrection of the saints at Christ’s return and the arrival of the new heavens and the new earth)
  8. Concerning Times and Seasons - {PDF Copy} - (Paul had no need to write to Thessalonica about the “times and seasons” because the Lord is coming “like a thief in the night)
  9. Sons of Light - {PDF Copy} - (The Day of the Lord will mean salvation to the “sons of light” who remain ever vigilant and prepared for it)
  10. Sanctified Wholly -  {PDF Copy} - (Considering the future arrival of Jesus, Paul summons believers to become sanctified completely by that day)
  11. The Just Judgment of God - {PDF Copy} - (2 Thessalonians 1:5-10 - The Parousia of Jesus means vindication for some but destruction for others)
  12. Last Days Disinformation - {PDF Copy} - (2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 - Disinformation fed to the Thessalonians about the “Day of the Lord” alarmed many members of the congregation)
  13. Two Missing Events - {PDF Copy} - (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4 - The Man of Lawlessness and the apostasy must occur before the Day of the Lord commences)
  14. The Final Apostasy - {PDF Copy} - (Repeatedly, the New Testament warns of the final apostasy that will occur prior to the return of Jesus)
  15. Son of Destruction - {PDF Copy} - (Many Christians will apostatize when the “Lawless One,” the “Son of Destruction,” seats himself in the sanctuary)
  16. Seated in the Sanctuary - {PDF Copy} - (Prior to the return of Jesus, the man of lawlessness will be revealed while sitting in the sanctuary of God)
  17. Little Horn - Son of Destruction - {PDF Copy} - (The “little horn” in Daniel becomes the model for the “man of lawlessness” described by Paul to the Thessalonians)
  18. Until Revealed - {PDF Copy} - (The mystery of lawlessness is at work even now preparing the way for the Lawlessness One)
  19. The Lawless One Destroyed - {PDF Copy} - (2 Thessalonians 2:8-12 - Jesus will undo the evil works of the Man of Lawlessness at his Parousia or “Arrival")
  20. Standing Fast - {PDF Copy} - (Believers prepare for the apostasy and the man of lawlessness by standing firm in what Paul had taught them)
  21. Mystery of Lawlessness - {PDF Copy} - (Already, the mystery of lawlessness is at work, preparing the way for the Man of Lawlessness and the Apostasy)
  22. Lying Signs and Wonders - {PDF Copy} - (The final deceiver will be energized by Satan to cause many saints to apostatize, using “lying signs and wonders” to do so)
  1. Both Jew and Gentile - {PDF Copy} - (The equality of Jew and Gentile before God is a key theme in Romans – both stand or fall on the same basis  Romans 1:15-16)
  2. The Righteousness of God - {PDF Copy} - (The “righteousness of God” refers to His faithfulness to His promises)
  3. Righteousness, Wrath, and Salvation - {PDF Copy} - (Paul argues from plight to solution as he presents his gospel to the churches in Rome)
  4. Righteousness and Wrath - Present and Future - {PDF Copy} - (Just as sinners await the future judgment of God, so believers wait to receive their full salvation at the resurrection)
  5. The Works of the Law - {PDF Copy} - (In Romans, discussions about justification by “works” has a specific category of works in view – “from the works of the law” - Romans 2:7-10)
  6. The Faith of Jesus Christ - {PDF Copy} - (According to Paul, men are not set right before God “from the works of the law,” but instead, from the faith of Jesus Christ)
  7. Heir of the World - {PDF Copy} - (According to Romans, the land promised to Abraham encompassed the entire world, not just the land of Canaan – Romans 4:13)
  8. Coheirs with Jesus - {PDF Copy} - (The covenant with Abraham is fulfilled in Jesus, the heir, including the promised inheritance of land in the New Creation)
  9. The Message and Hope of the Gospel - {PDF Copy} - (The church is called to proclaim the Good News of the kingdom of God in every inhabited corner of the earth before Jesus returns in glory)
  10. Resurrection and New Creation - {PDF Copy} - (Paul links the future resurrection with the New Creation, the promised redemption includes both events)
  11. Food and Calendars - {PDF Copy} - (Romans 14:1-5 - In Christ, issues of dietary restrictions and the observance of holy days are matters of individual conscience)
  1. Order of Final Events - {PDF Copy} - (In presenting his arguments for the necessity of the resurrection, Paul lays out several events that occur prior to or at the arrival of Jesus)
  2. True Spirituality - {PDF Copy} - (The spiritually-minded man understands that Christ Crucified is God's power and wisdom)
  3. Day of Christ in Corinth - {PDF Copy} - (The return of Jesus will be the Day of the Lord when the dead are raised, the wicked are judged, and death will cease)
  4. The Church, the Sanctuary of God - {PDF Copy} - (Paul consistently applies Temple language to the church of Jesus Christ)
  1. Until the Day of Christ - {PDF Copy} - (Paul exhorted the church to pursue perfection, a process that will culminate in the resurrection on the Day of Christ)
  1. One New Man - {PDF Copy} - (By his death, Jesus has formed one covenant community, “one new Man,” based on faith in him by one and all)

White Church by Robin Spielmann on Unsplash
White Church, Photo by Robin Spielmann on Unsplash


Commencement of the Gospel

Little Horn - Identity